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Select your specific state or territory for more information on:

- Local services you can contact to talk to about sex

- When can a person legally have sex?

- Is the law the same with all genders?

- What is sexual consent

- Sexting

- What are the laws relating to HIV disclosure, exposure and transmission

 

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Looking for reliable sexual health info or services?
Search by location or topic to find contact details for sexual health clinics and other services in your area as well as places on the web with reliable youth friendly sexual health info and more. If you have a service you’d like to recommend we add to our list please email agentsofyeah@yeah.org.au


Chlamydia

What's the current situation in Australia?

The reported number of cases has quadrupled in the last 10 years. 80% of cases are in 15-29 year olds.


Symptoms

Most don’t have symptoms. Discharge from your penis, pains with urinating. Bleeding between periods or pelvic pain.



How it spreads...

Most often through vaginal or anal sex without a condom.


How to prevent it

Use condoms and lube.

Gonorrhoea

What's the current situation in Australia?

Gonorrhoea is the second most commonly reported STI, and diagnosis have risen by 25% over the last year.


Symptoms

Men: smelly discharge, swollen testicles. Women: vaginal discharge, pain on urination. But can show no symptoms.



How it spreads...

Vaginal, anal or oral sex without a condom.


How to prevent it

Use condoms and lube.

Syphilis

What's the current situation in Australia?

Rate of infection have risen in recent years, particularly in men who have sex with men and in some Aboriginal/ Torres Straight Islander communities.


Symptoms

Starts off with a painless ulcer. Can then develop into a rash across the whole body, flu-like symptoms and swollen glands.



How it spreads...

Transmitted through skin-to-skin contact with infected areas, and through oral, vaginal or anal sex without a condom.


How to prevent it

Condoms reduce the risk, but only protect the skin that is covered.

Herpes

What's the current situation in Australia?

More than 1 in 8 Australians carries the virus responsible for genital herpes and about 80 per cent of those infected are unaware they have this infection.


Symptoms

Herpes sometimes shows no sign of infection. Otherwise, blisters on the genitals which usually burst leaving sore ulcers, painful urinating and swollen glands.



How it spreads...

Vaginal, anal and oral sex without a condom and genital skin-to-skin contact.


How to prevent it

Condoms reduce the risk, but only protect the skin that is covered.

Genital Warts (HPV)

What's the current situation in Australia?

4 out of 5 Australians experience HPV at some time in their lives, and it can increase a woman's risk of cervical cancer.


Symptoms

Symptoms can include visible genital warts/cauliflower-like clusters, which can multiply, grow and bleed. Often this virus has no symptoms.



How it spreads...

Usually spread by direct skin-to-skin contact, or vaginal or anal sex without a condom.


How to prevent it

Condoms reduce the risk, but only protect the skin that is covered. If you're a young person, speak to your GP about vaccination.

HIV

What's the current situation in Australia?

The number of new diagnoses have stabilised in recent years at about 1,000 new cases per year after a steady rise in the early 2000's. Approximately a quarter of all new diagnoses of HIV infection are occurring amongst people aged 15-29.


Symptoms

Some have no symptoms for years until the disease progresses to AIDS. But you may experience flu- like symptoms, extreme fatigue, weight loss and mouth ulcers.



How it spreads...

HIV is spread by anal or vaginal sex without a condom, from mother to baby (during childbirth or breastfeeding) and by sharing needles. In rare cases HIV is spread through oral sex and sharps injuries.


How to prevent it

Use condoms and don't share needles including tattooing and piercing equipment.